:  Maths and Science
Study program                       :  Biology Education and Biology
Course / Code                       :  BIC 223
Credits                                   :  Practical = 1
Semester                               :  IV
Pre-requisite course / code    :  Practical General Biology
Lecturers                                :  Victoria Henuhili, M.Si., Suratsih, M.Si., Paramita C.K., M.Sc.

I.  Course Description

This practical develops the knowledge and skill by : practice in artificial crossing (monohybrid cross) of the yard-long bean plant, explain the genetic variation in humans by observing the phenotype using the genetic disc, know the fruit fly (Drosophila sp.) as a model organism that can be used in artificial crosses in genetic experiments, know different types of the Drosophila mutants and able to carry out monohybrid and dihybrid crosses using them, explain linkage and crossing over, autosome gene expression which expression is controlled by an individual’s sex, study the modification of the
phenotypic ratio due to gene interaction, know human characters that are caused by multiple alleles, specific gene in a family by using pedigree analysis, and understand the method and theory of the colorblind test.

II.  Standard Competencies of The Course

At the end of the course, students should be able to :
1.  Carry out artificial hybridization of the yard-long bean plant and study the genotype and phenotype in the parents and the F1 generation
2.  Explain the genetic diversity in humans by observing the phenotype and using the genetic disc
3.  Describe the fruit fly (Drosophila sp.) by : its breeding, difference in sex, and the life cycle
4.  Describe the specific characters of the mutant Drosophila
5.  Carry out artificial cross using the Drosophila
6.  Explain about linkage and crossing over
7.  Explain autosome gene expression with phenotype caused by an individual’s sex
8.  Explain  the  modification  of  the  phenotypic  ratio  that  is  caused  by  interactions between genes
9.  Explain the characters in humans caused by multiple alleles
10. Explain that there are specific genes causing specific traits in a family, using the pedigree analysis
11. Understand and able to perform the colorblind test

III. Lesson Plan


Meetings

Basic Competencies

Topics
Practical
strategy

Reference



1
Understand the rules
applied during the practical, the  topics that will be covered and the genetic concepts that will be discussed



Introduction

General lecture/explana ntion on the practical



3,5,6,7





2

Carry out artificial hybridization of the yard- long bean plant and study the genotype and phenotype in the
parents and the F1 generation


Monohybrid cross on the Yard-long bean plant (Vigna unguiculata subsp. Sesquipedalis)






3

Explain the genetic diversity in humans by observing the phenotype and using the genetic disc




Human diversity





4-5

Describe the fruit fly (Drosophila sp.) by : its breeding, difference in sex, and the life cycle


Introduction to the
Drosophila




6

Describe the specific characters of the mutant Drosophila

Introduction to the mutant Drosophila



7-9
Carry out artificial cross using the Drosophila
Artificial cross of the Drosophila




10

Explain   about   linkage and crossing over

Linkage and crossing over





11

Explain autosome gene expression with phenotype caused by an individual’s sex



Sex controlled gene expression






12

Explain the modification of the phenotypic ratio that is caused by interactions between genes



Artificial cross in corn



13

Explain the characters in humans     caused     by

Multiple alleles



multiple alleles







14

Explain that there are specific genes causing specific traits in a family, using the pedigree analysis




Pedigree analysis




15

Understand and able to perform the colorblind test


Colorblindness


16
Responsi (Final Test)

IV.  References

1.Avers, C.J. 1984. Genetics, Second edition, Pindle, Weber, and Schmidt, Boston
2. BSCS, 1985. Biological Science-A Molecular Approach. 
Blue Version. Fifth Edition. D.C.Heath and Co. Lexington. Toronto
3.  Klug, W.S., M. R. Cummings, C. A. Spencer, 2006, Concepts of Genetics
Pearson Education international, London
4. Djoko T. Iskandar. 1987. Penuntun Praktikum Genetika. PAU Ilmu Hayati dan
Jurusan Biologi ITB
5. Suryo, 1984, Genetka, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta
6.           , 1989, Genetika Manusia, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta
7. Syukur, M., S.Sujiprihati, dan R.Yunianti. 2012. Teknik Pemuliaan Tanaman.
Penerbit Swadaya. Bogor.

V.  Evaluation

The evaluation will be done based on the practical reports and final test of the practical. The percentages of each components are as follows :
No
Component of evaluation
Percentage (%)
1
Practical reports
50
2
Final Test
50

TOTAL
100%

Yogyakarta,   Februari 2012
Head of Departement                                                             Lecturer
Biology Education Department



Dr. Slamet Suyanto                                      Paramita Cahyaningrum Kuswandi,
M.Sc. NIP 19620702 199101 1 001               NIP 19781022 201012 2 001

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